Fully Chinese And Fully Christian: Ts'ai Yung-Ch'un (Cai Yongchun)(完全的中國人及完全的基督徒──蔡詠春) / Hugh Barbour 巴伯




日本侵華年間,蔡詠春正在廈門閩南大學任教。由於他力主和平,自言恨日本的罪,卻無減其對罪人的愛,於是他被視為叛徒,被囚三星期。隨後,他一家被迫遷到香港,他感到上帝吩咐他說:「把你所有的與人共享」。接著,他分別於廣州嶺南大學和雲南任教。一段日子以後,他舉家遷往昆明,在中華基督教會的會眾眼內,蔡詠春是位巡迴牧師,及後,他應何明華主教之請,出任惠田醫院 (音譯)的院牧,後來他更被立為聖公會牧師。


1950年,共產黨執政,蔡詠春返抵老家中國。韓戰期間,他涉嫌跟美國人互 通消息而遭囚禁,到1952年才證實無辜得釋。1956年,他開始於吉林教學。十年後文化大革命爆發,蔡詠春在此期間吃了不少苦頭,並且被下放至偏僻村落。他在病癒並正式退休後,分別於1975年和1979年取得假期,跟女兒同住,為大學生撰寫一本新約閱讀和介紹的書,惟該書於他逝世後才得以出版。



Ts’ai Yung-ch’un (1904-1983) is a model for the history of Christianity in China. This essay may regard as a biography of Ts’ai.

Ts’ai was born in Fujian with Christian parents. He joined the May Fourth Movement and the Presbyterian Church in his youth. By 1922, he entered Yenching University in Beijing, studying Sociology and Religion. Ts’ai started working with Professor Dorothy Barbour in 1925 on writing a series of books for Chinese mothers about early family education. Ts’ai was suffering from tuberculosis for quite many years. He was being kidnapped for once. Though these were harsh days, his faith was restored. Later on, he completed a degree with high honors in Sociology in Yenching.

Ts’ai married Hsiu-ying in 1933.

When the Japanese invaded China, Ts’ai was a lecturer of Minnan University in Xiamen. Ts’ai was imprisoned for three weeks as a traitor as he spoke for hating Japan’s sins without losing love for the sinners. Afterwards, he was driven to Hong Kong where he felt God commanded him “share the lot with your people”. Ts’ai went to teach at Lingnan University in Guang-zhou and in Yunnan respectively. After some time, he moved to Kunming and was regarded as an itinerant preacher at the Church of Christ in China congregation. He also accepted the suggestion of Bishop Ronald Hall and became chaplain at the Huei-Tien hospital. He was then ordained an Episcopal priest.

After the war, Ts’ai enrolled in Columbia University in New York with scholarship. His doctoral thesis was on the works of Cheng I and Cheng Hao’s Neoconfucianism in Sung dynasty. He also put effort in combining unselfish Christian love with social responsibility as the basis for rebuilding China.

By 1950,Ts’ai was back to China when the People’s Republic reigned over the country. Ts’ai was being suspected to have American friends during the Korean War and was put under house arrest. He was cleared in 1952 and continued his teaching in Jinlin in 1956. Ten years later in the Cultural Revolution, Ts’ai suffered severely through and was exiled to remote village. He was on sickleave after his formal retirement and rehabilitation in 1975 and 1979, lived with his daughters and worked on a book of New Testament readings and introductions for university students, which was published after his death.