The Woman in Ecclesiastes 7:23-8:1: The Women of Solomon or the Women of Samson?/Shirley S. Ho

Shirley S. Ho  


In the book of Ecclesiastes, Qohelet maintains that his study and investigation of everything under the sun is through empirical observation. In Ecclesiastes 7:23- 8:1, he endeavours to investigate and understand the scheme of things and ended up making a rather negative evaluative comment about women. He describes woman as snares, traps and chains. Such observation makes him conclude that women are more bitter than death. Moreover, he maintains that entrapment by the woman is a form of divine punishment to the sinner. Qohelet’s rather negative statement needs and further articulation. Hence, this article will suggest the type of woman Qohelet might have observed in his study. While earlier studies associate this passage with Solomon’s womanizing, this article will show how the three women in Samson’s life fit into Qohelet’s negative appraisal of woman.



在傳道書中,傳道者主張那些他在日光之下所研究調查的萬事萬物,都是 透過經驗檢測而得的。在傳道書七章23節至八章1節中,他竭盡所能地調查與理解事物的組成,並在最後作出對女性相當負面的評價;他把女性說成「網羅、陷阱與鎖鏈」。這些觀察使他得出此一結論:婦人比死還苦。此外,他主張「被女人纏住」是神處罰罪人的一種形式。傳道者那相當負面且如謎一樣的敘述,需要更進一步的說明。因此,本文將提出在傳道者的調查中可能指涉的女性類別。雖然早期與傳統的研究將這段經文關聯於所羅門的嬪妃,但本文將論證在參孫生命中的三個女性如何與傳道者所負面評價的女性相稱。

原載於《建道學刊》47期(2017年1月),頁 89-109。