Richard Baxter's Ecclesiastical Principles - The Nonconformist Controversy(巴斯特的教會觀──不從國教的爭論) / 黃玉明





This paper studies Richard Baxter’s ecclesiastical principles upon three aspects of controversy in his works written during the Nonconformist controversy. The three aspects of controversy were the relationship between church and state, the form of church government, and the form of worship. The Church of England had become an impure church since it violated some of these church principles. For example, it adopted a system of Episcopal government and included some faults of practice in public worship. Baxter was true to his conviction that Christians should exercise their conscience and keep the principle of obeying God before men. However, they should stay in the impure church since it was still a true church. In practicing the ideal of church unity without uniformity in a national church, Baxter unavoidably caused hurt to the national Church which expected uniformity.